VCH Sussex 9: BRENCHLY, ECHINGHAM etc. [long]
- From: Louise Staley <caramut@xxxxxxxxxxx>
- Date: Fri, 09 Jun 2006 00:41:54 GMT
Following a visit to the State Library I present the following excerpts
from VCH Sussex 9 of interest to the Brenchly, Echyngham etc. families.
Salzman, Louis Francis, ed. /A History of the County of Sussex/. Vol. 9:
The Rape of Hastings, /Victoria History of the Counties of England/.
London: OUP for the University of London, Institute of Historical
*CROWHAM:* “The manor seems to have been in the family of *Peplesham*,
 although William de Lessingham was returned as holding it
(probably on lease) in 1339,  for at the end of that century, *on
the death of Simon Peplesham, Crowham passed through his daughter and
heir Margaret to her husband Robert Cralle*,  and their son Richard
Cralle was holding it in 1411-12.  Richard’s heirs were his two
sisters, Isabel, who married Vincent Finch, and Margery, the wife of
Richard Cheyney.  Crowham evidently formed part of Margery’s
portion, and later that of her younger son Simon Cheyney. Simon and his
eldest son Alexander had land in Westfield in 1437  but Crowham after
Simon’s death about 1455 must have passed to the youngest son, William
Cheyney of Warbleton, and through his son John (d. 1494) and grandson
William (d. 1508), to his great-grandson, also William, for it was
ultimately inherited by Pelham Cheyney, second son of this last
William. (VCH Sussex 9: 91).”
*DOLEHAM:* “In 1372 the manor was in the hands of trustees, who granted
40s. rent from it to John de Woodhull.  In 1420 it was owned by
Richard Cralle, and from him it evidently passed to his sister and
co-heir Isabel, who married Vincent Finch,  for in 1479 Henry Finch,
at he time of his marriage to Henry Belknap, assigned a quarter of the
manor of Doleham, with other property, as her dower after his death,
and in 1538 Sir William Finch leased it for 30 years to Robert
Oxenbridge  (VCH Sussex 9: 92).”
*BUCKHOLT:* “John Assheby, cousin and heir of John Haket, granted the
manor in 1364 to William Batisford . *In 1412 the manor was held by
Joan Brenchesle,  or Brenchley, daughter and heir of William
Batisford.* Joan lived until 1453, and next year *possession of the
manor was disputed between Elizabeth, widow of Sir Thomas Leukenore, and
Joan Rykhill (who married Richard Bruyn, next year), daughter of Joan
Brenchley’s sister Alice, and Sir Richard Fiennes, grandson of Joan’s
other sister Elizabeth . Sir Richard Fiennes evidently succeeded*,
as Thomas Fiennes, Lord Dacre his descendant , died seised of the
manor in 1534” (VCH Sussex 9:118).
*COODEN:* “This John in 1346 has a wife Sarah and four sons,  of
whom the eldest, John, seems to have died about 1397, when John Coumbe,
clerk, kinsman and heir of the last John, released his right in the
manor to William Brenchesle or Brenchley.  *In 1428 the quarter fee
was held by the heirs of John Codying and the Lady de Brenchesle.* 
Joan Brenchesle was returned as holding it in 1411,  although her
husband Sir William Brenchley was still living. (VCH Sussex 9: 119).”
*PEBSHAM [PEPLESHAM]:* “A William de Peplesham is mentioned in the
Subsidy Roll of 1332,  but the manor would seem to have passed by
1338 to Simon, son of Simon de Peplesham  (of Crowham), since it was
held soon after by his daughter and co-heir Joan. She married Richard de
Hurst,  and in 1348 a suit was brought against her and her husband
by a certain William de Hurst and Parnel his wife, Joan’s sister, 
who claimed Pebsham as Parnel’s right. The claim of Joan was, however,
upheld,  and the manor passed to their son Richard,  who died
seised of it in 1401, holding it jointly with his wife Margery, and
leaving two daughters, Margaret and Philippe.  On the death of
Margery, Pebsham was inherited by Margaret and her husband John Halle,
who was holding it in 1411, the manor then being worth £10. 
Margaret conveyed the estate to trustees, whose refusal to restore it at
her request on her marriage with her second husband John Devenish, led
to a lawsuit.  She had, however, recovered it by 1439.  In
1465 Pebsham was again in the hands of trustees, who held it for John
Devenish,  son of John and Margaret (VCH Sussex 9: 119).”
*BEXHILL:* “A /Chantry/ known as the Batisford Chantry was founded in
the church of Bexhill in 1453, under the will of Joan Brenchesle or
Brenchley, widow of Sir William Brenchley and daughter of William
Batisford (VCH Sussex 9: 123).”
*LUNDSFORD:* “A John [Lundsford] was also holding the manor in 1423 and
1428, and was *married to Elizabeth daughter of Thomas de Echingham*
 (VCH Sussex 9: 214).”
*PARISH CHURCH OF S.S MARY AND NICHOLAS ETCHINGHAM:* “The church of /ST.
MARY AND ST. NICHOLAS/ consists of a chancel, north vestry, central
tower, clere-storied nave, north and south aisles and south porch. The
nave is continued into the tower and the aisles are carried as far as
the east wall. The church, which is the finest example of the 14th
century work in the country and is remarkable for the rich and varied
flamboyant tracery of its windows, *was erected by Sir William de
Echingham, who died in 1388-9. A contract for making five windows,
apparently those of the nave, was made in 1363,  and this may be
taken as the approximate date of the building.* … In the north windows
are (est) Echingham, (centre) Northwode (?), (west) Echingham, reset
with a jumble of fragments. The west window of the aisle has a shield of
Dalingridge. The west window of the nave has four shields: Echingham,
Maltravers, sable fretty argent, argent a fleur-de-lis or within a
border argent, and sable a fesse argent and a border of white glass. In
the south aisle are- (south-east) Echingham, (centre) St. Clare,
(south-west) Waleys, (west) Shoyswell  (VCH Sussex 9: 215-6).”
*EWHURST:* Thomas de Codyng, tenant in 1339,  appears to have been
succeeded by John de Codying, whose son *John married Joan, daughter of
William Batsford (and subsequently wife of Sir William Brenchly) and
died before 1382*, when the reversion of that moiety, then held for life
by William Batsford, was conveyed to Roger Ashburnham.  The other
moiety seems to have been acquired in the meantime by the Ashburnhams
and was held by Roger’s widow Joan, in 1412  and in 1417, when John
Ashburnham, Roger’s heir, mortgaged the reversion of both moieties to
John Hall and others.  *Thomas Ashburnham, son of John, enoffed Sir
Roger Fiennes, and after various lawsuits  Sir Roger’s son Richard,
although in 1459 he was temporarily evicted by force from the manor by
John and Richard Ashburnham*, sons of Thomas,  was in possession of
the manor in 1469*,  as was his son Sir John in 1475 (VCH Sussex
1. VCH Sussex 9: 119.
2. /Coll. Top. Et Gen/. vii, 119.
3. /Suss. Arch. Col/l. Lxv, 47.
4. Ibid. x, 145 (Subsidy Roll)
5. Ibid. xxxvii, 34; lxv, 47.
6. Ibid. 48; Add. Ch. 24861.
7. /Suss. Arch. Coll/. Lxv, 49.
8. Add. Ch. 20163. Will. Battesford, one of the trustees, was the first
husband of Margery de Peplesham, who afterwards married Robert Cralle,
father of Richard.
9. Add. Ch. 20066; /Suss. Arch. Coll./ Xxx, 143.
10. Finch-Hatton deeds, 2671, penes Northants. Rec. Soc [A2A: FH2671].
11. Add. Ch. 20165
12. Add. MD. 39374, fol. 203.
13. /Suss. Arch Coll/. X. 144. /Feud. Aids/, v, 152, in 1428 records one
fee in Buckholt which William Bowyk, chaplain, held, but they do not
know who holds it at that date, or what parish it is in.
14. Add. MS. 39376, fols. 76, 80, 81.
15. CIPM (ser. 2), lxxx, 24 and 25; Banks, /Dorm. And Ext. Peerage/.
16. Feet of F. (Suss. Rec. Soc.) no. 2018.
17. Ibid. no. 2675; Cat. /Anc. Deeds/, ii, C. 2410
18. /Feud. Aids/, v, 151.
19. /Suss. Arch. Coll./ X, 144. She was the daughter of William Batsford
and Margery de Peplesham.
20. /Suss. Rec. Soc./ X, 326. In the Muster Roll of 1339 William de
Lessingham is returned as holding Peplesham, perhaps as lessee: Coll.
Top. Et Gen. vii, 119.
21. /Lord de L’Isle and Dudley/ (Hist. MSS. Com.), 147.
22. /Suss. Arch. Coll/. Liii, 80.
23. Add. MS. 5680, fol. 183.
24. De banco R. 356. m. 366.
25. /Suss. Arch. Coll/. Xxx, 143.
26. CIPM 2 H. IV, no. 1.
27. Feet of F. Suss. Mich. 11 H. VI.
28. Early Chanc. Proc. Bdle. 11, no. 233.
29. /Suss. Rec. Soc/. Xxiii, no. 3024.
30. Add. MS. 5679, fol. 181.
31. Add. MS. 5679, fol. 668; /Feud. Aids/, v, 150.
32. /Suss. N & Q/. iii, 52.
33. For account of other heraldry in the windows at the end of the 18th
century see /Suss. Arch. Coll/. ix, 356-9.
34. /Coll. Top. Et Gen./ vii, 118-19.
35. Feet of F. Suss. Mich. 6 R. II; CCR, 1389-92, p.73.
36. /Suss. Arch. Coll./ x, 144.
37. Feet of F. Suss. Mich. 5 H. V; CCR 8 H. V, m.7.
38. Early Chanc. Proc. Bdle 19, nos. 280-9.
39. Add. Chart. 41847.
40. Rent. And Surv. (PRO), 658.
41. Add. Chart. 23507.
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