Re: Qin Shi Huang Di
- From: PaPaPeng <PaPaPeng@xxxxxxxxx>
- Date: Thu, 06 Apr 2006 06:51:01 GMT
On 5 Apr 2006 20:25:42 -0700, "rst0wxyz@xxxxxxxxx"
That was pretty sloppy reporting by NY Times' KEITH BRADSHER. The
First Emperor is a very real historical figure and there is nothing
semi mythical about him.
The semi-mythical emperor he's referring to is NOT the Qin Shi Huang Di
that became the first Qin Dynasty of China. He's talking about the one
earlier which the Qin Dynasty's King Zheng used to identify himself as
the first Huang DI, hence, Qin Shi Huang DI became the name he used.
Since this refers neither to the Xia (circa 2300 - 2500 BC) or the
Shang periods for which there is ample archaelogical evidence the
alternative will be WHOLLY mythical emperors from an even earlier
period. From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanhuangwudi
Current CCP functionaries would really come across as ridiculous if
they tried to revive Chinese mythology and mumbo jumbo as a source for
inspiration on the unity of China to include Taiwan. I don't think
is even worth my re-reading the original article to find any merit in
the story or the people involved.
The Three August Ones and Five Emperors (Chinese: ????; Hanyu Pinyin:
sanhuáng wudì; Wade-Giles: san-huang wu-ti) were mythological rulers
of China during the period from c. 2850 BC to 2205 BC, which is the
time preceding the Xia dynasty.
(Comment: in view of recent archaelogical digs, the dates will have
to be pushed back further.)
The Three August Ones
The Three August Ones, sometimes known as the Three Sovereigns, were
said to be god-kings or demigods who used their magical powers to
improve the lives of their people. Because of their lofty virtue they
lived to a great age and ruled over a period of great peace.
The Three August Ones are ascribed various identities in different
Chinese historical texts. The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima
Qian states that they were:
The Heavenly King (??), who ruled for 18,000 years
The Earthly King (??), who ruled for 11,000 years
The Human King (?? or ??), who ruled for 45,600 years
The Yundou shu (???) and Yuanming bao (???) identify them as:
Fuxi and Nüwa are the god and goddess husband and wife credited with
being the ancestors of humankind after a devastating flood and
Shennong is the god who invented farming and is the first to use a
herb for medical use.
The Shangshu dazhuan (????) and Baihu tongyi (????) replace Nüwa with
Suiren (??), the inventor of fire. The Diwang shiji (????) replaces
Nüwa with the Yellow Emperor (??), the supposed ancestor of all
The Five Emperors
The Five Emperors were legendary, morally perfect sage-kings.
According to the Records of the Grand Historian they were:
The Yellow Emperor (??)
Yao and Shun are also known as the Two Emperors, and, along with Yu
(?), founder of the Xia dynasty, were considered to be model rulers
and moral examplars by Confucians in later Chinese history. The
Shangshu xu (???) and Diwang shiji include Shaohao (??) instead of the
The Song of Chu (??) identifies the Five Emperors as directional gods:
Yellow Emperor (centre)
The Book of Rites (??) equates the Five Emperors with the Five
Lineages (??), which comprise:
The first historical emperor of China was Qin Shi Huang (???), who
coined a new term for "emperor" (huangdi ??) by combining the titles
of "august one" (huang ?) and "sage-king" (di ?).
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