Re: blood cholesterol
- From: "Robert" <Robertitsme@xxxxxxxxxxx>
- Date: Tue, 12 Jul 2005 11:54:38 -0700
"Allan Adler" <ara@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote in message
> In a very helpful reply to my questions, John Gentile <yjgent@xxxxxxx>
> > > (3) If the answer to (1) is yes, which test generally leads to a
> > > measure of blood cholesterol, assuming that the patient fasts before
> > > the blood is taken?
> > Since fasting is not required - the lab test would be more accurate.
> > you need to look into the full picture of lipids and heart health. There
> > a lot more to the picture than just the cholesterol number. Some one
> > low total cholesterol could still be at risk if their LDL is high and
> > HDL is low. Likewize someone with a high total cholesterol would be a
> > risk if the HDL is high and the LDL was low.
> I agree. More on my reasons below. As regards (3), it's possible that when
> I wrote "higher", you might have thought I meant "better". I was actually
> asking which of the two tests tends to give a larger number as its measure
> of blood cholesterol. Suppose patient X tends to be at the high end of
> the normal blood cholesterol range. Suppose test T tends to overestimate
> the blood cholesterol. Then if test T says that patient X is within the
> normal range, then it is probably true that patient X is within the
> normal range. So, it is useful to know whether the Accu-Chek tends to
Suggest you read his answer more carefully and his bottom line.
"All "point of care testing" or home testing instruments are not as accurate
as fully controlled and calibrated laboratory instruments."
Reagent stability, instrument stability, sample variability as tissue juices
are involved all add up in terms of "probability" that it will agree with
calibrated controlled instruments. It is an approximation that may be
accurate one day and not the next.
If you take fish oils for example your LDL might go up just a little along
with your HDL with a net increase in your total cholesterol.
The overall bottom line is you need to have an LDL done sooner or later.
> Regarding my reasons for being interested in this: I don't really know
> what direct effect the food I eat has on my blood cholesterol, HDL, LDL,
> triglycerides. I can avoid foods that tend to have what appears
> to me to have high levels of saturated fat and I can emphasize foods that
> fall into certain categories (fruits, vegetables,...) that are supposed
> to be healthy.
There is dispute on whether saturated or unsaturated fat is bad for you. The
other factor is oxidized cholesterol.
But I have no rational way to determine what the effect
> that particular foods have on my numbers. If the doctor tells me that
> some number is high, I have no way of knowing, beyond generalities,
> what eating habits might be at fault.
Keep a record of what you eat.
If I change something in my diet,
> I have to wait months before seeing the doctor again and, in any case,
> it is expensive to have all the tests done. I see the Accu-Chek as giving
> me a way to get frequent and measurable information about the direct
> of certain foods without having to pay a lot for the information. That is
> no substitute for what a doctor does, but I think it can still be useful.
Most people use it for that.
Prev Med. 2001 Jul;33(1):1-6. Related Articles, Books, LinkOut
Cholesterol screening among children and their parents.
Muratova VN, Islam SS, Demerath EW, Minor VE, Neal WA.
Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University School of Medicine,
Morgantown 26506, USA. vmuratova@xxxxxxxxxxx
BACKGROUND: The Coronary Artery Risk Detection in Appalachian Communities
(CARDIAC) project is designed to test the hypothesis that universal
cholesterol screening of prepubertal schoolchildren is effective in
identifying children and their parents at risk of developing premature
coronary heart disease (CHD) in a high-risk rural population. METHODS: Seven
hundred nine fifth-grade schoolchildren from seven rural Appalachian
counties participated in a school-based cholesterol screening program.
Family history of premature CHD, anthropometric and blood pressure
measurement, tobacco smoke exposure, dietary history, and physical activity
levels were collected. RESULTS: One-fourth (174) of the children were
"presumptively" dyslipidemic upon measurement of nonfasting finger-stick
blood cholesterol (FSC). Subsequent fasting lipid profile obtained for 63 of
these children and 79 of their parents confirmed the presence of
dyslipidemia in 37 children (59%) and 52 parents (66%). Among confirmed
dyslipidemic children, family history was not a good predictor of
dyslipidemia (sensitivity 21.6%). FSC levels were significantly correlated
with fasting total cholesterol of children and their parents. CONCLUSIONS:
Universal nonfasting FSC screening of prepubertal schoolchildren is
effective in identifying dyslipidemic children and their parents, whereas
family history has low sensitivity in predicting children with elevated
blood cholesterol concentrations. Copyright 2001 American Health Foundation
and Academic Press.
PMID: 11482989 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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