Reports: Former Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak 'clinically dead'



Reports: Former Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak 'clinically dead'
By Yahoo! | The Lookout – 31 mins ago


Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is clinically dead, according
to reports. He was 84.

"Former president Hosni Mubarak has clinically died following his
arrival at Maadi military hospital on Tuesday evening,"
Egyptian news agency MENA said, quoting medical sources.

"Mubarak's heart stopped beating and was subjected to a defibrillator
several times but did not respond."

Reuters however is citing two security sources and reporting that
Mubarak is unconscious and on a respirator, not clinically dead.

Mubarak ruled Egypt for nearly 30 years, steering the nation through
the turmoil that swept a Middle East buffeted by wars, terrorism and
religious extremism. But the war hero and savior of his country died
as a criminal convicted for his role in the deaths of those fighting
to oust him.

Mubarak's health had been failing since he was sentenced to life in
prison on June 2, after he was convicted of failing to prevent the
killing of protesters in a February 2011 uprising against his rule.

Doctors at the prison hospital used a defibrillator twice on June 11
after they could not find a pulse on the deposed leader. An AP story
at the time said Mubarak "was slipping in and out of consciousness,
was suffering from high blood pressure and breathing difficulties, and
was in a deep depression, according to security officials at the
prison."

More details on his death or funeral arrangements are not yet
available.


The son of a low-level bureaucrat in the Nile Delta, Mubarak completed
Egypt's three-year military academy in two years and rose quickly
through the ranks of the Egyptian air force, according to a 2011
profile in the Washington Post.

He was tapped as Egypt's vice president in 1975 and thrust into the
presidency at the age of 53 on Oct. 6, 1981, when Islamist radicals
gunned down then President Anwar Sadat at a military parade.

Mubarak himself survived six assassination attempts. He won four terms
in single-candidate referendums and easily carried off the first
contested election in 2005.

During his presidency, Mubarak was a key U.S. ally in the Middle East,
a stalwart against the West's Islamist enemies, even joining the 1999
invasion of Iraq. He was also able to rebuild relationships with
neighboring countries that were strained after Sadat signed a peace
treaty with Israel.

Mubarak kept the peace with Israel while keeping Egypt free from
Islamic militarism. On Nov. 17, 1997, an Islamic militant group killed
58 tourists and four Egyptians at an ancient temple near Luxor.
Reuters called it the "most dramatic act in a 1990s rebellion by
Islamists seeking to establish an Islamic state." The revolt was
eventually crushed by state security.

The Washington Post profile noted:

Mubarak valued stability above all else—and assumed the vast
majority of Egyptians shared that perspective. Egypt was a nation, he
would argue, that depended millenniums ago on central authority to
organize the harvest and mobilize the resources to build the pyramids—
and that still needed the same sort of unyielding management to avoid
sectarian violence between Muslims and Christians or infiltration by
terrorists.

His relationship with the West also earned Egypt tens of billions of
dollars in U.S. military and foreign aid over Mubarak's term. The
money helped rebuild the country's crumbling infrastructure and
invigorate its armed forces.

However, his legacy was mixed.

Efforts to groom his son Gamal as a successor ultimately stoked
popular anger and suspicion that the spoils of government and economic
growth would be steered to a favored clique for another generation,
the Post reported.

While the country's economy is much improved and the financial markets
and infrastructure have been modernized, "the country still struggles
with high unemployment, rampant corruption, residual state controls
and growing demands for basic services from an ever-burgeoning
population," the paper reported.

Mubarak's political downfall began in January 2011 when anti-
government protests began across Egypt, driven by discontent over
poverty, repression and corruption. He ordered troops to quell the
demonstrations.

On Feb. 10, 2011, he transferred his power to Vice President Omar
Suleiman. Mubarak refused to step down, however, igniting protests in
Cairo's Tahrir Square. Mubarak stepped down the following day and a
military council took control of the country.

"This will be the land of my living and my death," Mubarak said in
that final address as president. "It will remain a dear land to me. I
will not leave it nor depart it until I am buried in the ground."


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I think he was a nut-case, to say the least.Understatement of the day.
He also liked America.
I wonder if he was in attendance at the Dead's shows at the Great
Pyramids in 1978?


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