Re: Breaking: Restrictions on Bird Flu Medications
- From: "DBM" <dbmacpherson@xxxxxxxxx>
- Date: Sun, 30 Oct 2005 04:42:28 +1000
Well, here it is, links to stuff that may or may not be of benefit
during a Flu Pandemic (feel free to add your own)...
First off, 'The American Experience 1918 Flu (this is how the 1918
'Flu Pandemic' affected one US City)
Daniel DeFoe wrote "The Journal of the Plague Year" about an outbreak
of Plague in London - it has real-life observations of what can, and
did happen when a killer plague hit town. Read it free on-line at
In today's world? Apart from the direct effects of the disease,
expect intermittent and long-lasting interruptions to power, water,
transport, Medical services (Ambulance, Hospital), Security (Police
and Guards), and the availability of goods in shops (food, hygiene
stuff, clothing, etc). Expect some sort of 'Quarantine' regime to be
imposed in an attempt to contain the spread of the disease.
Avian Flu as seen by our Governments
Australian Government webpage (check the linked pages)...
Australian Government - Avian Influenza
Canadian Government - Pandemic Influenza Plan
CDC (USA) - Avian Influenza
New Zealand Government - Influenza Pandemic Action Plan
United Kingdom Pandemic Plan
United States Health & Medical Emergency Plan
WHO - Confirmed Human Cases of Avian Influenza A(H5N1). Current score
to 24 October 2005, is 121 confirmed cases and 62 deaths.
Avian Flu as seen by Concerned Individuals
CurEvents.Com Flu Clinic
CurEvents.com Flu Clinic 'Master Flu Preps Thread'
If above links doesn't work. go to the Forum index and look for 'Flu
Clinic' on the left hand side...
3M - Safety Products. Go from this page to their 'Occupational Health
and Safety' pages, and to the following PDF files on SARS and Avian
Flu to see what mask to use for these biological threats.
3M - Avian Flu mask info
CDC (USA) - Influenza page
MSA Australia webpage links to their various safety products.
NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) -
Respirator info page
American Botanical Council. Info on herbs and their uses.
Commission E Monographs - The German Government had a committee that
reviewed various 'herbal' remedies. These are their recommendations.
Ease a Cold (Australia), suppliers of Herbal Flu remedies that include
extracts from the Black Elderberry (Sambucus Nigra).
Ease a Cold (Australia) 'Acute Flu Strength' capsules. This page is
for the standard capsule, the 'Day and Night' variety have different
Sambucol Homepage (they make an elderberry extract proven effective
against some types of Flu).
DIY 'Home Nursing'?
CDC - Staphylococcus aureus (Golden Staph) info page. This is a
problem in Hospitals, especially since the 'antibiotic resistant'
strains appeared. You don;t have to go to Hospital to catch it, not
since CA-MRSA appeared (Community Acquired-Methicillin Resistant
Staphylococcus aureus) is alive and well and living on the streets.
CDC - VHF manual, or "Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers
in the African Health Care Setting". How to set up and provide
medical care on a shoestring budget. This page is the HTML version,
but has a link to the PDF version.
The link to the VHF Manual in PDF format
Home Nursing for Smallpox. Not the same disease, but has some good
info on setting up a 'ward' at home.
Merck Manual. On-line info on medicines, etc.
RACGP (Royal Australian College of General Practitioners) on-line
info on medicines, etc.
MDH (Minnesota Department of Health) - Preventing Staphylococcus
aureus (Golden Staph), another emerging problem. The MDH page has
further links to health info - like how to correctly wash hands, etc.
MDH Guidelines boil down to...
-Clean your hands (Keep your hands clean)
-Keep your linens (bedding) and clothes clean
-Do not share personal care items (comb, toothbrush, towel, etc)
-Take care of infections
Queensland Ambulance Service (Australia) - First Aid Hints booklet.
No substitute for a First Aid Course, but better than ignorance!
Remote, Austere, Wilderness and Third World Medicine Forum.
Saint John Ambulance (Australia) - First Aid Kits and Training.
Survival and Austere Medicine - version2 (PDF 3.9 MB)
....IF above link doesn't work, try the links here...
Where There Is No Dentist (free online version of book).
Where There Is No Doctor (free online version of book).
GENERAL EMERGENCY PREP as seen by our Governments
CDC Emergency Preparedness
EMA (Emergency Management Australia) 'Preparing for the Unexpected'
document in PDF and HTML. The HTML webpage has all the info of the
PDF, but a fraction of the file size.
FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) 'Are You Ready' guide is
available as webpages or PDF document
LAFD (Los Angeles Fire Department) 'Earthquake Handbook'
WA (West Australian) Police 'Command and Land Operations Unit'
publishes the FREE 'Aids to Survival ' booklet.
Link to the PDF booklet (1.03 MB)
GENERAL EMERGENCY PREP, as seen by Concerned Individuals and some of
the businesses that cater to their concerns. Some of this is just
plain old camping gear, stuff you use when in places that don't have
electrical power for lights, air-conditioners, stoves, or drinkable
water on tap...
aus.bushwalking FAQ pages (lots of info for Camping and Hiking gear)
Australian Geographic Shop (some useful camping items)
Bushfire Safety Home Page (books endorsed by Australian Fire
Coghlans Camping (look at products on-line before you buy)
Coleman Camping (look at products on-line before you buy)
Deepwater Pottery sell simple olive oil lamp set-ups - several good
show how a glazed saucer, a length of bare copper wire, and a cotton
wick (shoelace?) can create a quick and easy olive oil lamp.
Dick Smith Electronics (Australia, look on-line before you buy)
Emergency Prep (A Poor Man's Guide)
Equipped To Survive (Forums, on-line Army manuals, emergency gear
reviews and general info)
Food Storage FAQ (by Alan T Hagan)
Humanure Handbook - A Guide to Composting Human Manure
Free on-line HTML version
Free on-line PDF version
DIY $25 Sawdust Toilet
Katadyn Water Filters.
Katadyn Reverse Osmosis 'desalinators' - these produce drinkable water
from sea water (salt water) - they also remove a range of chemicals,
and virtually ALL microbes. Come in manually operated (hand pumped)
ones intended for liferafts, and electric (12 or 24 volt DC) ones for
boats. The hand-pumped ones are heavy, and require a fair bit of
effort before you get results. This particular hand-pumped one
produces 4.5 litres an hour, a good deal more than the 'smaller' (and
LED Museum. Independent review of LED torches (LED = Light Emitting
Diode). Since a LED torch lasts much longer on a given set of
batteries compared to conventional torch bulbs, having a LED torch
Lehmans Store (some 'oldstyle' and 'low-tech' solutions)
Lehman's sell Hurricane lamps, as well as 'Homemade' set-ups
specifically intended for burning 'olive oil' (basically a Mason jar
with a wick held by wire - but see their collection, especially their
A) 'Cabin Lamp' with a wide wick for extra light, and their
B) 'Chamber Lamp', which is a glass jar with a handle for carrying.
Old School Scouting
Polar Pure (Iodine based water disinfection system)
Real Knots (a range of useful knots, with helpful illustrations)
Rex Tincher's 'Emergency preparedness and survival information' - info
SoDis - Solar Disinfection of water. Useful technique, it uses
sunlight to heat water and 'pasteurise' it. If the water gets hot
enough to melt beeswax (about 144ºF or 62ºC), then it will PASTEURISE
itself - Milk pasteurisation takes 30 MINUTES at 145°F (63°C), or only
16 SECONDS at 161°F (72°C). If you want to make 100% sure by boiling
the water, you can save some fuel when heating the already warm water
the rest of the way to boiling.
Stephens Florilegium (SCA = Society for Creative Anachronism) has some
info on ancient lighting systems.
Tandy Electronics (Australia, look on-line before you buy)
Tracker Trail - Wilderness survival techniques, some of which may be
useful in the 'Urban Jungle' left after a Hurricane.
Water Treatment FAQ
Winelight - use a non-combustible 'hollow bead' (glass, metal, or
ceramic) that can turn a wine bottle into an oil lamp - the wick
passes through the 'bead', and the bead sits at the very top of the
wine bottle, like a wine cork.
You can re-use plastic soft drink bottles to hold water. You may have
seen an e-mail that stated it was dangerous to re-use plastic soft
drink bottles made of PET plastic. The following pages have the truth
on the matter.
>From the Australian Government
USEFUL computer programs. Help Desk Staff may be off sick...
'Ad-Aware' (Freeware spyware detection and deletion).
ALZip (Freeware file compression/decompression).
AVG (Grisoft Anti-Virus - Freeware version).
FoxIt PDF Reader (Freeware).
Irfanview (Freeware image viewer, opens just about everything).
SpyBot - Search and Destroy (Freeware spyware detection and deletion).
WackGet (Freeware download manager).
ZoneAlarm (Freeware firewall).
If you need to recover a deleted file, it's best to 'recover' them to
a DIFFERENT drive than the drive they're being recovered from - this
prevents 'overwriting' other data you may want.
Disk Investigator (95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP).
'Handy Recovery' (Freeware file recovery program - link at bottom of
PC INSPECTOR File Recovery (95/98/ME/NT/2000/XP).
INTERNET research tools that may be useful
Babel Fish Translation (free on-line service)
Google Web Search - Advanced
Google Newsgroups Search - Advanced
Google Image Search - Advanced
Google - News Stories (World)
Some Personal Thoughts
(Official Advice will always over-rule mine)
H5N1 Pandemic Flu will be transmitted in the same ways that normal Flu
is transmitted - basically, you come into contact with infectious
material either through Direct, or Indirect contact with Humans and/or
Animals infected with the Flu virus.
-Direct Contact with animals includes grooming them, petting them, and
playing with them (having your face licked), butchering animals for
food (blood, body fluids), eating infected meat (especially if raw or
not cooked properly), and from ingesting drinks made from raw animal
blood (popular in some parts of the world).
-Direct Contact with Humans includes casual contact like shaking
hands, kissing (all types), contact sports (especially rough ones
where bleeding is possible), fighting, sex, and caring for the ill.
-Indirect Contact through droplets in the air (from a sneeze, cough,
etc) contact the mucous membranes of your mouth, nose, eyes, throat or
lungs - some protection provided by using a 'mask' or respirator, but
use of eyewear (goggles) increases protection.
-Indirect Contact through touching infected material (mucous, blood,
faeces, etc), or a surface contaminated with infected material (door
knob, handrail, vending machine, shopping trolley handle, gym
equipment, pet toy soaked in drool, etc), then accidentally transfer
virus on your hands to mouth when eating, or to the mucous membranes
of the nose when scratching it, or to the eyes when rubbing them
(tiredness, grit, etc) - some protection provided by washing hands
frequently with soap and hot water (especially before eating, or
-----Before the Pandemic hits...
0-Get a Flu shot. Get the yearly shot for 'normal' Flu (if
available), and if there's a shot for the Pandemic Flu, get THAT one
as well! Why? Regardless of Flu type, you don't want to be sick with
either one during the best of times, let alone during a Pandemic - or
even worse, sick with BOTH types at the same time. Then again, if the
Government decides to quarantine Pandemic Flu victims in special
facilities, they may get your personal diagnosis wrong (IF they even
bother to 'discriminate' between 'normal' and Pandemic Flu victims).
1-Get other useful vaccinations, like Tetanus and Hepatitis. The
usual 'bad stuff' like Natural Disasters will continue to happen,
regardless of whether or not there's a Pandemic.
2-See your Doctor for a general checkup. Get any problems attended
to, if possible.
3-See your Dentist for a general checkup. Get any problems attended
to, if possible.
4-See your Optometrist for a general checkup. Get any glasses/contact
lenses needed, along with any specialist cleaning/maintenance gear,
AND get a set of spare glasses/contact lenses!
5-See your Lawyer and get your Will up to date. Just in case. You
may need a list of potential Executors of your Will, as some may die
during the Pandemic.
6-Live Healthily. Exercise. Give up alcohol, smoking (nicotine),
caffeine (coffee and soft drinks), and any other 'recreational' drugs.
Get enough sleep, drink plenty of clean water. Try to reduce stress
in your life (it adversely affects your immune system).
7-Eat Healthily. Eat a balanced diet, heavy on fresh fruit and
vegetables, 'barely processed' basics like oatmeal porridge and
muesli, and lean meat (fish is good). Take vitamin/mineral
supplements (Multivitamin, B Group, C, E, Zinc), dietary supplements
(Fish Oil, Evening Primrose, etc for the Omega oils), and Herbal
'Immune System Boosters' like Garlic, Onions, Echinacea, etc.
8-Stock up on things you'll need in a Quarantine, or if there are
shortages in the shops. For each person in your household, have at
LEAST 1 month's supply (1 year is better) of...
-Bulk water storage (jerry cans, barrels, large plastic bottles, etc)
-Water (4 litres or 1 US/UK gallon a day just for DRINKING)
-Food (canned, dried or dehydrated rather than refrigerated, as the
power may go out)
-Dietary supplement and Vitamin/Mineral pills
-Hygiene (soap, facial tissues, toilet paper, plain/unscented
household chlorine bleach, dishwashing detergent, laundry detergent,
toothbrushes and toothpaste, mouthwash, fine-toothed combs, menstrual
products if female, baby stuff if you've got a young family, large
plastic bags for garbage and 'body bags', etc)
-General Household (fusewire and spare fuses, light bulbs, fluorescent
light starters, stuff to fix a leaky tap, spanner to turn off gas and
water if necessary, hammer and nails, screwdriver, plywood storm
shutters if in a Hurricane/Cyclone area, Duct tape, scissors,
heavy-duty plastic sheeting to repair windows or 'shelter in place',
flymesh, mosquito net for sleeping areas, etc)
-Clothing (stuff wears out, and kids grow out of things real quick)
-Pet needs if you've got one (food, toilet litter, grooming, etc)
9-Prepare for power outages - Power Workers are Human too, and just as
liable to fall ill, regardless of all the problems that can affect
power supply in 'normal' times (and which WILL continue to affect
power supplies during a Pandemic). While battery powered appliances
can replace some things, you may need fuel-powered appliances for
cooking and heating (especially if in 'snow country'), or a
fuel-powered generator or water pump if living further away from a Big
City (the power problems of the Big Cities are usually addressed
before outlying areas).
-Fire extinguishers (get a couple!)
-Heating and Cooking (fuel stove, fuel, matches)
-Lighting (torches, batteries, candles, matches, oil lamps, fuel)
-Spare bulbs for torches
-Spare batteries (Alkaline recommended for general use)
-Battery powered AM-FM-TV (sound) Radio (solar and hand-crank
generator types are good)
-Battery powered Carbon Monoxide detectors
-Battery powered Smoke detectors
-Battery powered Fans (for ventilation, and cooling in summer)
-Warm bedding (pure wool blankets are fire-retardant)
10-Prepare to 'Shelter In Place'. Refer to advice from the American
Red Cross, FEMA, etc. Get things assembled AHEAD of time.
-Plastic sheets to fit over windows, doors and vents (pre-cut to size
and store nearby)
-Rolls of duct tape to secure plastic sheets (have one roll per room,
that way it's ready to use, and any 'extra' will come in handy)
-'Porta Pottie' and chemicals
-Empty Drums to hold toilet waste if sewage system fails
-First Aid Kit (the Ambulances may be overwhelmed)
-First Aid Training (you may be 'on your own')
-Prescription and 'Over the Counter' medicines
-Herbal and Home Remedies
-Sports drink (Lucozade, Tang, Gatorade, etc for diarrhoea)
-Storm shutters (even if only plywood sheets)
-Hammer and nails
-Screwdriver and screws
11-Get your finances in order. Having 'cash on hand' during a crisis
is good, but if Quarantined, you may not be able to travel to pay your
bills, or else those you do find may not be taking money (physical
money may act as a 'contaminated surface' - it ain't called 'filthy
lucre' for nothing!). Having a bank account set up for 'electronic
payments' is one solution, another is to have all your bills 'paid
ahead', and not just 'paid up to date'. Depending on your Credit Card
limit may not be a good idea, as normal theft, let alone 'identity
theft' can leave them useless.
-Get bills 'paid up to date' (while you're at it, find out what
procedures/penalties apply if you're unable to pay due to
-Get bills 'paid ahead' if possible (rent, phone, power, gas, sewage,
trash collection, council rates, hire purchase, insurance, health
-Keep 'cash on hand' (if they want it badly enough, they'll send
someone around to get it, someone who might possibly be carrying the
-Set up a 'bill paying' account at your local bank
-----When the Pandemic hits...
12-Cut down on ALL non-essential travelling - especially Public
Transport like buses, trains, ferries, and planes. If Quarantine is
imposed, you may not be allowed out of your house at all.
13-Keep your distance from mass gatherings of people - especially if
they promote close physical proximity to other people like Sports
Events (seating), Protest Rallies, Dance Clubs, Shopping Malls, Theme
Parks, Tourist Resorts, Cinemas, Restaurants and Bars.
14-Keep your distance from anyone who is obviously sick (which may be
hard to do, see 12 and 13 above). If caring for a sick person, employ
Hospital-grade Hygiene procedures.
NOTE - The CDC 'VHF Manual' ('Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in a Third
World Setting') tells you how to set up an isolation ward, make
hospital gowns and masks, make an incinerator, disinfect water for
drinking and washing hands, and provide 'Hospital-grade Hygiene' using
household chlorine bleach!
15-When in public (or around other people, like at work), wear
industrial protective 'box goggles' to prevent contact of infectious
materials with eyes (either airborne, or on your hands).
16-When in public (or around other people, like at work), wear a HEPA
(high efficiency particle arrester) medical mask/industrial respirator
to prevent breathing infectious airborne materials, and prevent
inadvertent transmission of infectious materials on your hands to your
eyes, nose and mouth areas. An N95 or P2 rating is the minimum, N100
is better. ALL respirator filters (face mask or cartridge) 'wear'
out' or 'clog up', and will need to be replaced - always carry spares.
NOTE - The old cloth 'surgical masks' might not be as effective as
modern masks in stopping you from breathing in airborne droplets
(they're more to stop droplets from your own breath), but they still
prevent your hands from accidentally infecting yourself if you touch
your face. Cloth masks can be laundered and reused - sterilisation is
either by chlorine bleach or a hot clothes iron.
17-Wash hands frequently. If there are no handwashing facilities, use
a 'waterless' alcohol-based handwash that will evaporate without the
need of a towel to dry your hands (straight Methylated Spirits, 'moist
towellettes', gelled alcohol handwash like 'Aqium', etc).
18-Immediately on coming home from work/shopping/etc, strip off your
'street clothes' - Flu virus should die by itself within 8 or so hours
on dry cloth surfaces, so either 'air-dry' the clothes for that length
of time before using them again, spray them with an anti-septic
alcohol based spray like 'Glen-20', or else launder them. Wash hands
thoroughly using soap and hot water, then bathe/shower, paying extra
attention to hair, head and face.
-----If infected, or you think you are 'coming down with a cold'...
19-Don't go to work, don't go to the shops, stay at home! You'll only
spread the disease you have if you go out. If it's Flu (Pandemic or
normal), exertion and stress may overtax your weakened body and kill
you! If it ISN'T the Flu, going out increases your chance of catching
the Flu, something you DO NOT want on top of the disease you already
have! If there are things you need, have a Friend get them for you,
and leave them outside your door.
20-Tell your boss that you're sick, and that you won't be in for a
while (if you've got the Flu, they won't WANT you coming in to work
until you're better). Tell your Family and Friends your situation,
and that if they don't hear from you at a certain time each day, to
send help. The communication can be by telephone, e-mail, CB radio,
etc. Tell your Landlord you're feeling sick, and that you'd
appreciate if they knocked on your door once a day, at a set time -
AND what you'd like them to do if you don't (or can't) answer, like
getting an Ambulance.
21-If you're feeling up to it, secure your home as you should do if
you knew a bad storm was coming - you may not be physically capable of
doing so later on. Tidy up the yard. Put up storm shutters if you
have them. Shut and lock all exterior doors and windows on your home
and outbuildings (garage, pool house, etc).
22-If you're feeling up to it, get any housework and laundry done.
Cook a large hot meal (store leftovers in the fridge for future
convenience). Place water, food, medicine, phone, radio, torch, and
whistle beside your bed. Have a shower or bath. Store an emergency
water supply as per current Government guidelines for emergency prep.
After you've got things in order, go to bed and get some rest.
If you survive your bout with the Flu (Pandemic or normal), well and
good. You may need an Official clearance before you can travel freely
in public, especially if you've been Quarantined. If you don't
survive... Well, I did ask if your will was up to date...
Hope this helps...
Yours, DBM - dbmacpherson@xxxxxxxxx
>From Somewhere in Australia, the Land of Tree-hugging Funnelwebs...
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