Re: how to understand

when call "boot_defclass("Object", 0)","rb_cClass" is not defined,why
"rb_class_boot" can call "rb_cClass"?

Dear Curious Friend

I'm not a Ruby expert, nor do I know much about C. But since your
curiosity infected me, I ventured into the Ruby source trying to figure
this out. The following are my findings.

rb_cObject, rb_cModule, rb_cClass all get allocated in NEWOBJ as struct

NEWOBJ(obj, struct RClass);

In, OBJSETUP, they're cast to type struct RObject, and the structs
member klass gets assigned rb_cClass, which is a VALUE pointer:

OBJSETUP(obj, klass, flags);

#define OBJSETUP(obj,c,t) do {\
RBASIC(obj)->klass = (c);\
} while (0)

Here, rb_cClass gets assigned an RClass type like rb_cObject, and
rb_cModule. But it will also have a klass member that still holds a
pointer to the same struct, which rb_cClass pointed to before:
rb_cClass = boot_defclass("Class", rb_cModule);

As pointed out in the beginning, I'm not an expert on this, so the above
might very well be incorrect or incomplete. I would very much appreciate
it if someone with better insight could provide a more thorough
explanation and elaborate on why rb_cClass is needed.

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