How did the spread of Islam affect the World?



How did the spread of Islam affect the World?

The Muslim community constituted to grow after Prophet Muhammad's
death. Within a few decades, vast numbers of people across three
continents - Africa, Asia, and Europe - had chosen Islam as their way
of life.

One of the reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread of Islam was the
purity of its doctrine - Islam calls for faith in only one God. This,
coupled with the Islamic concepts of equality, justice and freedom,
resulted in a united and peaceful community. People were free to
travel from Spain to China without fear, and without crossing any
borders.

As millions of people embraced Islam, they brought with them the
heritage of ancient civilizations like Egypt, Greece, India, Persia,
and Rome. Muslims cherished these cultures' knowledge and took great
pains to preserve their libraries and honor and the scholars residing
in their cities.

Many Muslim scholars traveled to these cities seeking knowledge. They
translated into Arabic volumes of philosophical and scientific works
from Greek and Syriac languages (the languages of Eastern Christian
scholars), from Pahlavi (the scholarly language of Pre-Islamic
Persia), and from Sanskrit (an ancient Indian language). As a result,
Arabic became the language of worldly scholarship, and people migrated
from all over the world to study in the Muslim Universities.

By 850, most of the philosophical and scientific works of Aristotle;
much of Plato and Pythagorean school; and the major works of Greek
astronomy, mathematics and medicine such as the Almagest of Ptolemy,
the Elements of Euclid, and the works of Hippocrates and Galen, were
all rendered into Arabic. Furthermore, important works of astronomy,
mathematics and medicine were translated from Pahlavi and Sanskrit.
For the next 700 years, Arabic became the most important scientific
language of the world and the repository of much of the wisdom and the
sciences of antiquity.

The achievement of scholars working in the Islamic tradition went far
beyond translation and preservation of ancient learning. These
scholars built upon the ancient heritage with their own scientific
advances. These advancements were a direct cause of the Renaissance in
Europe.

Muslims excelled in art, architecture, astronomy, geography, history,
language, literature, medicine, mathematics, and physics. Many crucial
systems such as algebra, the Arabic numerals, and the very concept of
zero (vital to the advancement of mathematics), were formulated by
Muslim scholars and shared with medieval Europe. Muslims invented
sophisticated instruments that made future European voyages of
discovery possible: the astrolabe, the quadrant, and detailed
navigational maps and charts.

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Useful links

Understanding Islam

http://tinyurl.com/2d4ogd

http://www.muslimheritage.com/Default.aspx

http://www.studying-islam.org/index.aspx

www.islamonline.net

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