Re: ABU AL-HASAN AL-MAWARDI



Would you comment, please, on the language in which Abu al-Mawardi wrote
and whether any
of his original publications are extant. If so please describe where they
can be viewed.

--
John Berg
The fact that in Mohammedan law every woman must belong to some man as his
absolute property - either as a child, a wife, or a concubine - must
delay the final extinction of slavery until the faith of Islam has
ceased to be a great power among men. --W. Churchill

"friend" <hurrah@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote in message
news:1124642937.186414.112390@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi was born at Basrah
> in 972 C.E. He was educated at first in Basrah where, after completion
> of his basic education, he learned Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) from
> the jurist Abu al-Wahid al-Simari. He then went to Baghdad for advanced
> studies under Sheikh Abd al-Hamid and Abdallah al-Baqi. His proficiency
> in jurisprudence Ethics, Political science and literature proved useful
> in securing a respectable career for him. After his initial appointment
> as Qadi (Judge), he was gradually promoted to higher offices, till he
> became the Chief Justice at Baghdad. The Abbasid Caliph al-Qaim bi Amr
> Allah appointed him as his roving ambassador and sent him to a number
> of countries as the head of special missions. In this capacity he
> played a key role in establishing harmonious relations between the
> declining Abbasid Caliphate and the rising powers of Buwahids and
> Seljukes. He was favoured with rich gifts and tributes by most Sultans
> of the time. He was still in Baghdad when it was taken over by
> Buwahids. Al-Mawardi died in 1058 C.E.
>
> Al-Mawardi was a great jurist, mohaddith, sociologist and an expert in
> Political Science. He was a jurist in the school of Fiqh and his book
> Al-Hawi on the principles of jurisprudence is held in high repute.
>
> His contribution in political science and sociology comprises a number
> of monumental books, the most famous of which are Kitab al-Ahkam
> al-Sultania, Qanun al-Wazarah, and Kitab Nasihat al-Mulk. The books
> discuss the principles of political science, with special reference to
> the functions and duties of the caliphs, the chief minister, other
> ministers, relationships between various elements of public and
> govemment and measures to strengthen the government and ensure victory
> in war. Two of these books, al-Ahkam al-Sultania and Qanun al-Wazarah
> have been published and also translated into various languages. He is
> considered as being the author/supporter of the 'Doctrine of Necessity'
> in political science. He was thus in favour of a strong caliphate and
> discouraged unlimited powers delegated to the Governors, which tended
> to create chaos. On the other hand, he has laid down clear principles
> for election of the caliph and qualities of the voters, chief among
> which are attainment of a degree of intellectual level and purity of
> character.
>
> In ethics, he wrote Kitab Aadab al-Dunya wa al-Din, which became a
> widely popular book on the subject and is still read in some Islamic
> countries.
>
> Al-Mawardi has been considered as one of the most famous thinkers in
> political science in the middle ages. His original work influenced the
> development of this science, together with the science of sociology,
> which was further developed later on by Ibn Khaldun.
>



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